It is located in the Indian state of Bihar about 60 km southeast of the capital Patna. Rajgir is famous for its rock caves, forts, Buddhist ruins, shell inscriptions, Hindu and Jain temples and Muslim tombs. The place is well connected with the rest of Bihar and eastern India through railway and roads.

The climate of Rajgir, like other parts of the Gangetic plains is extreme. The summer months from April to July is hot and humid here and the average temperature can reach about 45 ° C and relative humidity up to about 80 percent. The winters are cold with night temperatures average around 10 ° C. Generally, the average temperature stays around 20 ° C. Monsoon touches this region in July / August and continues until September.