Discovered by John Smith, a British army officer with his band during their expedition in 1819, the caves of Ajanta and Ellora remained in the middle of the Sahyadri hills, cut into the mountainside on the river Waghora . They illustrate the history of Buddhism over a period of 200 BC to 650 AD. There are 29 caves were built as isolated retreats for Buddhist monks, who preached and religious rites in Chaityas and Vihara, the oldest centers of learning Buddhist cultural movement. Saints cut the fabulous figures that decorate the walls of these structures using a hammer and chisel. Much of the exhibition panels show caves Jatakas stories – stories of several incarnations of Buddha. You can mark images of nymphs and princesses amongst others.

30 km from Aurangabad Ellora Caves are located, the number 34. They are carved in the sides of the basalt hill. Elegantly decorated facades and interiors are the best examples of Cave – architecture of the temple. Carved in 350 AD to 700 AD, these structures reflect the three religions, Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. In mid-1917 is dedicated to Hinduism, 12 caves in the south are Buddhist and 5 caves to the north, Jain.

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